Some basics about cotton

For centuries cotton has been the raw material for all kinds of clothing. Due to its body-friendly qualities it used to be called “white gold” in ancient times. Cotton is very absorbent, that is why it is perfect for clothes that are in direct contact with our skin such as underwear, nightwear, bathrobes, casual wear and baby overalls. Cotton balances our body temperature, does not cause skin-irritations or allergies, thus it is a perfect fit for people with sensitive skin.

Ecological and social aspects

Cotton is the most important natural resource for textiles in the world. Cotton cultivated in a conventional way (not organic cotton) is one of the plants that are treated most with pesticides. Artificial irrigation, the use of pesticides, defoliants, insecticides, and other chemical breeding techniques result in environmental damage, pollution and the destruction of natural resources. In addition, the steady use of chemicals has a huge impact on the health of the workers in the fields.

Chemical additives and so-called “refinement” help produce a fabric that won’t wrinkle or shrink, one that will absorb less dirt and moisture, and one that is mothproof, antibacterial and easy to iron. The downside of this is a danger to our skin and the loss of cotton’s original qualities that are listed above. Apart from that, cotton is treated with chlorine bleach to lighten up the natural colour of cotton; this health damaging chemical turns it into a purely white coloured fabric that does not really resemble much the original colour. During the process of dyeing lots of products that damage health and the environment are used - they can cause allergies and eczema.

Hence what used to be a body-friendly material becomes, with the use of chemicals, a fabric that is rather health-damaging. That is why organic cotton came into play. To ameliorate the environmental and working conditions and of course to produce clothes that are a joy to our skin, ALBERO only uses organic cotton.

Our organic cotton is grown in Turkey, free of pesticides, insecticides and fertilizers. Every two to three years a crop rotation is taken. Only natural products are used for fertilizing. Only biological methods are employed to combat weed and pest. Defoliants are not part of the process; instead cotton is culled by hand. That way the ecological balance in the growing area is kept; the ground, the air and the water are not polluted and the workers’ health is not endangered.

Chemical additives do not play a role in the processing of organic cotton - formaldehyde, flame resistant, moth resistant and static inhibitors are not applied.